|Saint Anton in the Tyrol, Austria, is a Ski-Resort|
Austria, like Czechoslovakia, was a part of the old Austro-Hungarian Empire before becoming an independent state after World War I in 1918. Austria was divided into four occupied zones at the end of WWII (Great Britain, America, France, and Russia), and regained independence in 1955. Vienna, the capital, has always been a cultural hotspot, particularly for music, particularly Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Brahms, and Mahler. When you look at the map, you'll notice that it shares borders with a lot of other countries, including Czechoslovakia, Italy, Hungary, Germany, and Switzerland. Despite its small population, the country is very mountainous, with little flat land for settlement and difficult communications. Agriculture is the main source of income, with crops and livestock being produced, as well as vineyards. Timber accounts for 38% of Austria's land area and is a valuable source of wealth. Heavy industries are also centred on the iron ore deposits and oil deposits found in Eastern Austria. In the mountains, hydroelectric power is being developed. Following WWII, the countries of Eastern Europe became associated with and dependent on the Soviet Union. In recent years, these ties have loosened; in fact, countries like Yugoslavia, despite being communist, are completely self-sufficient.
|A large steelworks in Czechoslovakia|
Czechoslovakia is surrounded by Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Poland in the heart of Europe. Invaded by Hitler in 1938 and 1939, the state established in 1918 was occupied for the duration of the war. As a result, the country suffered significant hardship and was on the verge of economic collapse by the end of the war. To establish a Communist economy, the postwar Communist government implemented a series of five-year plans. During the 1960s, strict controls over action and speech began to erode, and in January 1968, reform pressures led to the removal of Communist Party Secretary Novotny, who was replaced by the moderate Alexander Dubcek, who began enacting new laws to ensure greater democracy and freedom of action. However, fearing retaliation from other Communist countries, the Soviet Union invaded Czechoslovakia with Soviet, Polish, East German, Hungarian, and Bulgarian troops, forcing the Czech leaders to return to a hardline policy and abandoning the new reforms. Czechoslovakia is now divided into the Czech Socialist Republic and the Slovak Socialist Republic, each with its own government reporting to the National Council, the legislative body. From the ages of six to fifteen, education is compulsory; basic five-year schools educate nearly two million children, with another million attending secondary and technical schools, out of a total population of nearly fourteen million. In Czechoslovakia, there are six universities that are free and open to everyone. The oldest of them is Prague's Charles University, which was founded in 1348; there are also numerous other institutions with university status and nearly a hundred thousand students. Agriculture is one of the most common occupations in Czechoslovakia, and the country's numerous colleges educate farm workers in modern production methods.
|A Hungarian peasant farm|
Radiance of Romania
|A peasant farmer and his family going to market in Romania|
|Ancient Greek Monuments|