Nimbus Nigeria

 Nigeria's location on the African continent's west coast, between four and fourteen degrees north of the equator, makes it unique. This indicates that it has a 'equatorial' climate, which is a type of climate that is rare. It has two distinct seasons, wet and dry, and the temperature is consistently high throughout the year. During the rainy season, which runs from April to October, and during the dry season, which runs from November to March, From the shore to the interior, the temperature changes. On the coast, temperatures can range from 20 to 32 degrees Celsius, while in the northern region, particularly from October to April, temperatures can sometimes exceed 44 degrees Celsius. The lowest temperature ever recorded is 10 degrees Celsius, and that was only observed throughout the night. It is warmer and less severe in the hill areas, where the climate is softer and the temperature swings are less intense. The Niger River separates Nigeria into three unequal portions, each separated by a mountain range. Nigeria's Niger River begins its journey in the Futa Jalon Highlands on the border with Sierra Leone and flows through the country from north to south over a distance of 1,175 kilometres (730 miles). 

In places where the Niger reaches the shore, it forms a delta, and you can see on a map how the delta is steadily silting up and turning into a promontory into the sea, where the city of Port Harcourt is built. They may be found around the mouths of many large rivers and are produced by the mud and rubble that rivers carry with them as they go down their respective rivers' courses. Sometimes they are quite fruitful, however in Nigeria, the whole coastline is covered by a mangrove swamp that cannot be utilised for farming due to the thick roots of the mangroves, which are nearly hard to pull out. Benue River: The Benue River is the other major river in Nigeria. It is a tributary of the Niger River and forms one of the two arms of the Niger River that split the nation. Her source is in the north-east of the country, in the Cameroon highlands, and she runs for 80o kilometres (495 miles) until joining the Niger at Lakoja, where she becomes the Niger. The delta produced by the Niger River has a helpful system of inland canals that serve as a low-cost mode of transportation for products. From 15 to 100 kilometres (10 to 60 miles) in breadth, the coastal mangrove swamp extends northward into a zone of tropical rain forest and oil palms, after which the vegetation transitions to savannah grasslands and woods. The land climbs to a high plateau at around 1,20om (4,000 ft) above sea level north of the confluence of the Niger and the Benue at Lokoja, with some mountains reaching as high as 1,80om (6,000 ft) (6,000 ft). 

Banana orchard cultivation in Nigeria
Banana orchard cultivation in Nigeria
The nation then descends northwards into the Sahara, where it becomes nearly completely desert, with Lake Chad to the north-east of the country. Even though oil is the primary source of the country's wealth, approximately two-thirds of the working population is engaged in some form of agriculture, which produces food and supplies large quantities to the urban areas. Much attention is being paid to the possibilities of increasing crop yields through the use of far more fertilisers and organic manures, which are currently being investigated. A significant amount of terraced agriculture is practised on the plateau region, and it has been in this region for many years that the complete use of organic waste as a fertiliser has been applied to maintain soil fertility while also supporting a high density of population has been practised. Some farmers continue to practise shifting agriculture, which is wasteful of soil and includes exploiting the maximum capacity of the land for a number of years before abandoning it completely. This process is fraught with concerns of erosion, and it implies that land that could otherwise be utilised for agriculture will no longer be able to be used for agriculture. The practise of crop rotation is most prevalent in areas free of the tsetse fly, where it is possible to retain cattle to graze on the land that is now fallow. Nigeria is the world's largest exporter of groundnuts, with the vast bulk of the crop coming from the country's northern and western regions. 

Cotton grown in the United States is predominantly of the American kind. The production of cocoa, coffee, soya beans, and oil-palm goods is expanding all of the time, and these items account for a significant portion of the country's export revenue. Another important element in Nigerian agriculture is the wide disparity in conditions between the several areas that make up the country. A significant difference exists between the northern provinces and the sea coast provinces, which implies that many of the commodities cultivated in other parts of the nation have a substantial home market in the northern provinces. The persistent scarcity of water is a major source of concern for farmers in most African countries, as it is in much of the world. In Nigeria, the big rivers have been dammed in order to provide water for irrigating territory that would otherwise be too dry for crop cultivation. An irrigation plan for a huge area of land is being developed by the United Nations in collaboration with the Nigerian government. Investigations are being carried out in the northern provinces of Bornu and Kano in order to give the type of information required for large-scale irrigation plans. 

Nigerian Village
A Typical Scenario in Nigerian Village

Before they can begin planning for the massive dams that would be required to hold water for irrigation, the engineers must first learn about the type of soil that will be irrigated, the amount of water that will be available, and the types of crops that will be cultivated. As part of its efforts to increase the amount of land accessible for farming, the government is promoting soil protection. This is important in order to prevent land from being depleted as a result of over-cultivating it. Nigerians are also benefiting from exploitation of the immense fishing resources of Lake Chad, which has become a significant development in the country's history. Before it is possible to begin intense fishing on the lake, a year-round road must be constructed that can survive large volumes of water and harsh weather while yet maintaining a surface that is suitable for the huge vehicles that would be needed to deliver the fish. During the rainy season, large swaths of the nation are cut off from the rest of the country by torrents of water, which cause any automobile to get immobilised in seconds. 

Another obstacle that has hampered the commercialization of Lake Chad up to this point has been the weather. Storms frequently rage on the Lake, and the papyrus rafts that the fisherman have relied on for many years have to be kept near to the shore in order to avoid being swept away by one of these unexpected cyclones. New boats are being launched that can travel out into the centre of the lake without being in any danger and that can carry a catch of up to a half-ton of fish at a time. Although it is hard to determine the entire extent of the Lake's potential, it has been estimated that it is feasible to catch one hundred thousand tonnes of fish each year without endangering the lake's resources. However, even more significant than the monetary benefit from this new source of food, the large amounts of fish would give a high protein content in the Nigerian's daily diet, which he now lacks, particularly in places where the tsetse fly has made it impossible for him to rear cattle. 

Even though rinderpest and tsetse fly illness pose a threat to livestock in northern Nigeria, the region has a high number of animals to feed. Despite the fact that most tropical illnesses, both in humans and animals, are endemic, they are becoming more susceptible to treatment and prevention. Sheep are being introduced in the north, where a large portion of the terrain is suitable for them, and efforts are being made to enhance the two indigenous varieties of sheep through the use of prize merino rams that have been acquired from Australia. In addition to the Red Sokoto goat, which provides a fine skin that is used to manufacture the delicate morocco leather, another animal that is particularly important in Nigerian farming is the nigerian ostrich. 

The skins are treated and coloured before being utilised in the production of a variety of high-end luxury items. Care is being made to develop the breed and to broaden its distribution in the province of Sokoto, Nigeria. Forests have an essential role in the Nigerian economy as well as agriculture. Until recently, enormous tracts of forest land were chopped and exploited for a variety of purposes with little thought given to replanting or preserving the trees. As a result, the country's wood supplies have been severely reduced, and only diligent conservation will be able to restore what has been lost. There are currently over 64 million hectares (16 million acres) of forest reserves where conservation is enforced, and thousands of new trees are planted each year to help replenish the forest's biomass. In order to compensate for the severe scarcity of wood for construction and fuel, thousands of fresh seedlings are being planted each year.

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