The Czech Republic is widely regarded as one of the world's most beautiful countries in which to live. The most popular tourist destinations in the Czech Republic are as follows:
A bloody deed of historical significance occurred here in February 1634, when the north-western Czech spa town was known by the German name Eger. General Wallenstein was the victim of a murder plot, which took place in the town's spa. The crime scene, the former town hall, and the current museum all serve as visual demonstrations of how it was done. Although the town has some less pleasant attractions, there are some worth seeing, including the partially reconstructed imperial castle, the Gothic Church of St. Nicholas and Elizabeth, and the Stöckl quarter, which contains eleven mediaeval houses in the former Franciscan monastery.
☝Cesk Ráj, Turnov
The Cesk ráj is to the Czechs what the Elbe Sandstone Mountains are to the Saxons, and vice versa. This is the 'Bohemian Paradise', which is located south of the town of Turnov in the Czech Republic. The sandstone plateau here has been shaped by thousands of years into bizarre shapes: pillars and crevasses, steep walls, and deep fisshapes combine to create a stone landscape of great beauty and mystery. This rock shelter was discovered by the Romantic poets in the early nineteenth century, and they wrote a poem about it. Today, it is one of the most popular day-trip destinations for residents of Prague who live only an hour away by car, making it a popular day trip destination. As part of their visit, they will also see some of the picturesque castles in the area, such as the Waldstein Palace, which was built by Generalissimus Wallenstein, who served as the Emperor's commander-in-chief during the Thirty Years War.
☝Spa Towns in the Czech Republic
Formerly known as Karlsbad, Marienbad, and Franzensbad, the three north-western Czech spa towns of Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázne, and Frantiskovy Lózne are now known as Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázne, and Frantiskovy Lózne, respectively. Since losing their popularity during Communist rule, the spa towns have regained their prominence. "Goethe tourism," for example, contributes significantly to visitor numbers, as Karlsbad, the largest of the three spa towns, was where the poet fled to Italy in 1786 under cover of darkness... When the 74-year-old man visited Marienbad, he fell in love with Ulrike, a 19-year-old girl, which resulted in one of the most beautiful poems ever written about renunciation. In addition, the Three Lilies' inn, where Goethe stayed, has a beautifully painted half-timbered façade, which can be found in Franzensbad. Others come for the pulsating spa life and healing properties of the northern Bohemian water, while still others come for the spa life alone.
☝Prague's historic town centre
Three emperors are buried in Prague, on the Moldau's bed, and the stones are shaky on their foundations.
The great will not remain great, and the small will not remain small.
A twelve-hour night precedes a twelve-hour day. Bertolt Brecht attempted to express in these verses from his famous 'Song of the Moldau', and the city to which he refers in these lines, Prague, both confirms and contradicts what he was attempting to express. The monuments have retained their grandeur, but the power and, in many cases, the fame of those who erected them have vanished. What's left is one of the most historically significant city centres in Europe. Among its most notable landmarks are the historic town hall from the 14th century on the Old Town Ring, which faces the Teyn Church with its many turreted towers; the Carolinum, which served as the site of the first central European university (1348); and the Gothic Bethlehem Chapel, which has been rebuilt and is where the Reformist Jan Hus preached. Other notable structures include the Clermentinum Jesuit College and the Baroque Clam Gallas Palace. Since 1992, the site has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
☝Prague's Charles Bridge
Many bridges span the Vltava River in the Czech capital of Prague, but none compares to the 515-metre-long Charles Bridge, which was built in honour of Emperor Charles IV and is the world's most beautiful bridge (1355-1378). The stone bridge, which was constructed from 1357 onwards by Peter Parler at the Emperor's direction, is adorned with magnificent Gothic bridge turrets. The façade of the western building is embellished with sculptures of the emperor and his son and successor, Wenceslas, among others. A special connection existed between Wenceslas and the bridge because it was during his reign that he had the priest John of Nepomuk thrown off the bridge into the Vltava for refusing to break confessional confidence, which occurred in 1393. A statue of the priest, who was canonised in 1729, now adorns the bridge's parapet, along with other Baroque statues, and he is commemorated on the 16th of May every year as the patron saint of bridges throughout Europe.
After throwing two imperial councillors from a window high above Prague in 1618, the Bohemians were blamed for starting the Thirty Years' War. The event is known as the "Defenestration of Prague," and it occurred during the reign of King Charles IV of Bohemia. The Hradshin, or Prague Castle, whose foundation walls date back to the first millennium, has played an important role in many historical events. A mediaeval fortress crowned by the Gothic St. Vitus Cathedral, which was only completely completed in the twentieth century, the city received its outward appearance from Peter Parler in the fourteenth century. Aside from that, the complex contains the old palace, which contains beautiful Renaissance rooms, as well as the Monastery of St. George, which contains a Romanesque basilica. A number of palaces can be found outside the castle complex, including the Baroque Sternberg Palace, which now serves as the National Gallery of Art.
☝Prague's Malá Strana district
Malá Strana ('small side') is a quarter of Prague located at the foot of the Hradshin mountain range and stretching all the way to the Vltava river. It contains the palaces of the nobility that were built during Prague's feudal era. For many years, the most important one was that of the Emperor's Commander, General Wallenstein, who had 20 houses demolished in order to construct his Waldstein Palace, which stands in the shadow of the imposing Prague Castle. The Baroque St. Nicholas Church with its imposing green dome, which was built between 1703 and 1722 by Christoph Dientzenhofer (1655-1722) and his son Kilian Ignaz, serves as the town's centre and focal point (1689-1751). The Charles Bridge connects Malá Strana with the Old Town, which is located on the other side of the River Vltava.
☝Prague's Golden Alley
Although it may appear so, the name 'Golden Alley' is not derived from some magnificent decoration made of valuable ore, as one might expect. As an alternative, it refers to the profession of those who once resided in these brightly painted 16th century buildings: alchemists who were employed by a slightly eccentric Emperor Rudolph I (1576–1612) with the task of manufacturing gold for him were based in this area. This was done in the hopes of increasing his power, which was eroding as a result of his brother's rivalry with him, who eventually succeeded him and ruled from 1612 to 1619, and thus bolstering his position.